●​  Tropical Ecosystem Research and Response (TERR) Program

●​  Ecosystem Blueprints Project

●​  Ecological Restoration Sciences Program

●​  Ecological Management of Fire-Prone Areas


●  To conduct research and actions towards maximizing survival of tropical rainforest ecosystems, and ecosystem components, through the present and coming period of climatic and ecological transition.

  • ●​  To advance the science, breadth and effectiveness, and reduce the risks, of ecological restoration and habitat improvement approaches and implementation.

  • ●​  To advance ecologically sound approaches to management of fire-prone areas.

Project Introductions

Tropical Ecosystem Research and Response (TERR) Program

TERR projects are aimed at maximizing survival of rainforest ecosystems and ecosystem components through the present and coming climatic and ecologic shifts.

Bouamir Rainforest Tree Plot 25-Year Resurvey and Expansion Project

In association with the Congo Basin Institute, study plots established in 1994 by AE founder Mark Fogiel in the Dja Reserve, Cameroon will be re-censused and expanded to provide a 26-year perspective of forest dynamics and trajectory- a critically valuable data set for tracking ecosystem shifts in this critically important rainforest reserve during climatic shifts. The plots will also provide data useful to starting the Dja EMR Project (see below) and as physical study areas available for a range of ecological studies.  [NP [1] ]

Dja Rainforest Ecosystem Monitoring and Response Project (Dja EMR Project)

The 2000 square mile Dja Wildlife Reserve is an incredibly valuable world ecological resource- rich intact rainforest habitat providing habitat for a multitude of flora and fauna including forest elephant, gorilla, and chimpanzee. The Dja EMR Project aims to 1) develop and implement an efficient cost-effective method of monitoring patterns and trajectories of forest composition and change, ecosystem food resource availability, and wildlife population fluctuations at large scales in tropical rainforest; 2) develop approaches to pro-actively and adaptively respond to detrimental trends. [NP]

Ecosystem  Blueprints Project

The blueprints project will implement a set of crowd-source databases to compile detailed data on the planet’s ecosystem components, interactions and structure as exists prior to major climatic shifts.

Dispersal Database

Seed dispersal is a critical ecological process in tropical rainforests and habitats around the globe. Building off a database started for 172 plant species cross-referenced with 97 wildlife disperser species in African rainforest, researchers, students, and citizen scientists around the globe will be encouraged to enter citable species feeding and dispersal observations from the field and the literature. The database will provide an important part of the “blueprint” of the ecosystem processes in this time prior to climatic and ecosystem shifts, a tool critical for understanding, conserving, adapting and restoring habitats. Follow-up projects include similar data bases of plant-animal pollination systems and food webs. [NP]

Ecological Restoration Sciences Group   

To advance the science, breadth and effectiveness, and reduce the risks, of ecological restoration and habitat improvement approaches and implementation.

Augmented Natural Processes Ecological Restoration (ANPER) Project

The mission of the ANPER program is to research and develop versatile ecological restoration approaches that minimize impact and risk through maximizing reliance on the augmentation of natural processes to achieve successful and long-lasting restorations. The project will begin with a comprehensive review of the literature, in addition to review and interviews associated with currently occurring restorations globally. Applicable techniques and data will be summarized in an article that lays out the framework and details of the approach. Along with providing a framework of techniques, such as augmented dispersal, germination and recruitment, the paper will provide a framework of process- from pre-restoration site evaluation, restoration planning and design, implementation, performance standards design and adaptive management- tailored to the approach. [NP]

Restoration Research and Implementation Group

A full-service restoration practice (planning, designing, implementing, monitoring, maintaining and long-term management) centered principally on ANPER approaches and goals. The group will be involved in a variety of project types ranging from mitigation to community-based restoration activities, and eventually a full range of habitat types and global regions. Each project will include research and publication/communication of results, to further restoration science. The group will work in coordination with the Indigenous Cultivation, Restoration and Land Management Program to use relevant components of Integrated Ecological Knowledge projects to improve project outcomes. [FP/NP]

Restoration Policy and Advocacy Group

The group will primarily focus on influencing agency restoration mitigation permitting approaches with the goals of increasing the quality and longevity of ecological restorations and accelerating the maturation of the applied science. Initial areas on emphasis include advocating for having research count towards mitigation requirements, having a mitigations type that involves “recharge” activities at existing post-maintenance period restoration sites that have deteriorated, and including a standardized publication of restoration results as part of required final reporting.[NP]

Ecological Management of Fire-Prone Areas

Dedicated to advocating, supporting and implementing programs and projects that foster ecologically informed long-term land management, and broaden stakeholder participation and coordination in fire-prone regions. [NP/FP]

Private Lands Fire Management Partnership Program

A pilot project is proposed in an undeveloped portion of the Deer Creek valley in Nevada County, California. The approximately 1300-acre area is a patchwork of large privately-owned parcels, abutted by rural residential and institutional development. The project aims to facilitate an organized approach amongst property owners to reducing fuel loads in cost effective and ecologically sound ways that maintain and enhance forested habitat values and reduces catastrophic wildfire risks. Initial approaches being considered include grazing with a resident goat herd, controlled and indigenous burns, stakeholder coordinated low-impact ladder fuel removal, and strategic placement of fire breaks maintained as productive habitat. Management activities are anticipated to be low level and ongoing, cycling through the area on a 3-6 year cycle. Funding sources may include public-sector wildfire risk reduction programs, grants, agricultural products (goat milk, cheese, meat), and property owner participation. [NP]

[1] NP= Non-Profit, FP= For-Profit